Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes flakes of skin to appear. It is often accompanied by itching.
The exact cause is unknown, but various factors increase the risk. It is not related to poor hygiene, but it may be more visible if a person does not wash or brush their hair often.
Dandruff can be embarrassing and hard to treat, but help is available.
Fast facts on dandruff
Here are some key points about dandruff. More detail is the main article.
- Dandruff is a common condition, but it can be embarrassing and difficult to treat.
- It is not related to hygiene, but washing and brushing the hair can help remove old skin flakes.
- Risk factors include having certain skin or medical conditions and the use of inappropriate hair products.
- Various treatments are available over the counter, but more severe cases should be seen by a doctor.
Treatment aims to stop the dandruff by slowing down the reproduction of skin cells or counteracting the yeast production that might be the cause.
The strategy will depend the patient’s age and the severity of the condition. However, there are some lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help; these include:
Managing stress: stress can trigger dandruff in some people, so managing it better can reduce symptoms.
Shampoo more often: if you have oily hair and scalp, washing daily can help.
Sunlight: a little exposure to sunlight can be helpful.
Tea tree oil: although there is little evidence, some people believe that preparations that include tea tree oil help reduce symptoms of dandruff. It can cause allergic reactions in some people, so use caution.